Mangrove distribution in Nigeria
Maps for 1997 and 2011
Mangroves are considered as “Blue Carbon” ecosystems, together with seagrass habitats and salt marshes for their importance and power to sequester carbon dioxide - removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and depositing it in a reservoir. Sustaining the blue carbon "sinks" is crucial for ecosystem-based adaptation strategies that reduce vulnerability of human coastal communities to climate change. Find out more in UNEP/GRID-Arendal's 2009 publication:
Blue Carbon: The Role of Healthy Oceans in Binding Carbon
See also the Blue Carbon Portal at http://bluecarbonportal.org/
West Africa contains extensive mangrove forests and other blue carbon ecosystems, which are vital to the livelihoods and well being of many coastal communities. For example, healthy mangrove forests provide many valuable ecosystem services such as supporting lucrative fisheries and tourism, coastal protection, and enhancing marine biodiversity (while also promoting climate change adaptation and mitigation). Mapping the spatial extent, health and changes over time of mangoves, and other blue carbon ecosystems, is key to conservation strategies.
This map shows the results two global mapping exercises done in 1997 and 2011.
Global distribution of mangroves 1997 compiled by UNEP/WCMC in collaboration with the International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME)
Status and distribution of mangrove forests of the world using earth observation satellite data (2011)
Giri. C, Ochieng. E, Tieszen. L. L, Zhu. Z, Singh. A, Loveland. T, Duke. N.
Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20(1):154-159